Science Fiction VS Sci-Fi

This is a guest post by author Steve Bellinger

Steve Bellinger fell in love with science fiction with the first Tom Swift story that he read as a child. When his mom, who worked for a printing company, brought home an Isaac Asimov novel, he was blown away by it and at the tender age of 13 decided he wanted to write, creating home-made comic books and handwritten manuscripts in wire bound notebooks. As a young adult he found he just couldn’t get his stories published anywhere so he combined two of his passions, writing and radio, and created several original radio dramas, producing them in his own home-made recording studio. Through the years he’s written content for websites, articles for local newspapers and even the Junior High Sunday School booklets for the AME Church, but it wasn’t until he turned 65 that he realized the dream of having a science fiction novel published (The Chronocar, Barking Rain Press, 2015).

A friend of mine bought a copy of my first science fiction novel with the simple intention of supporting me. When he decided to read it to see what it was all about, he was very surprised that he enjoyed it so much because, as he told me later, “I hate science fiction!” At least two other people have written reviews where they clearly express a dislike or ambivalence for science fiction, yet they admit that they enjoyed the story.

A young lady I know on Facebook was singing the praises of the latest installment of the Star Wars movies and how much she enjoyed science fiction. In a comment, I corrected her. Star Wars may be great entertainment but it is not, I explained, science fiction.

“But, it has space ships and aliens!” she countered.

In my favorite definition of science fiction, the science, whether real or imaginary, has to be so central to the story that without it the story would fall apart. Star Wars does not fit this criteria. You could give the characters metal swords, horses and sea going ships and tell essentially the same story; rebels fighting an evil empire. Star Wars is Space Opera, where space is merely the setting and the technologies are plot devices.  In fact the science and technology doesn’t even have to be logical. Just cool and exciting. Like light sabers.

Lest Star Wars fans take offense, this is not a put down. I’m a fan of Star Wars also, particularly the earlier films. In fact the first three were quite groundbreaking. It’s just that science fiction is not the proper category.

Sci-Fi is yet another animal. Usually more science fiction than space opera, but not by much.  You get Sci-Fi when you start with some science fiction and try to popularize it by punching it up and sometimes dumbing it down.  For example, the finest science fiction film ever made, in my humble opinion is 2001: A Space Odyssey. It was almost brutally accurate. The scenes in space often had music in the background; like the Blue Danube waltz playing while a shuttle docked with the space station. Not only for the beauty of it, but director Stanley Kubrick realized that there would be no sound in space, so you would not hear engines firing. In the sequel, 2010, made 20 years later, when the engines lit, the theater rumbled with the sound.  Fun and exciting, yes.  Accurate, no. Even though I would classify 2010 as science fiction, there were “sci-fi” elements that they added to make it more appealing.

In a now rather famous TV rant, science fiction author Harlan Ellison outlines what he felt was the difference between science fiction and Sci-Fi, on the Sci-Fi Channel of all places.

So, in a nutshell, Sci-Fi tends involve a lot of excitement and explosions; the stuff of epic movies. Science fiction is often more cerebral, although there can be intrigue and action. Science fiction usually follows some sort of logic, the best involving the logic of real science. Sci-Fi, quite honestly, does not have to be logical. As long as it is exciting, scary, and mind boggling, it’s acceptable; think sharks in a tornado.

Star Trek, at least in the beginning, kind of skirted between the two. Cerebral enough to worry the producers that no one would like or understand it, but it still had it’s share of fights, explosions and monsters.

Since the first Isaac Asimov novel I read as a kid, I have loved science fiction. Yes, I have enjoyed a lot of Sci-Fi, space opera and fantasy. But, as a writer, my goal is to help introduce readers to science fiction. Logical, thought provoking, “old fashioned” science fiction that can be enjoyed by many people, including those who don’t like Sci-Fi.